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|Print version. Published on site Rusnet.NL 24 September 2003
Zaporozhye, city (1989 pop. 884,000), in Ukraine, a port on the Dnepr River, opposite the island of Khortytsya. The city, founded in 1770 on the site of the Zaporozhye Cossack camp, consists of old Zaporozhye (called Aleksandrovsk before 1921) and the new industrial Zaporozhye, which developed during the 1930s.
It is a major rail junction and industrial centre and the site of the Dneprohes dam and power station, one of the country's largest hydroelectric plants. Large quantities of grain are exported. The city has steel mills, coking plants, aluminium and magnesium works, and factories that produce automobiles, farm machinery, and transformers.
Well supplied with electricity, Zaporozhye forms, together with the adjoining Donets Basin and the Nikopol manganese and Kryvoi Rog iron mines, one of Ukraine's leading industrial complexes. The high concentration of older industry, however, has had a harmful effect on air quality.