Taimyr Autonomous Region was formed, as well as the majority of other regions, by the decree of the All-Soviet Central Executive Committee on December 10, 1930. Uniqueness of the region is that there is the enclave Norilsk industrial region subordinate to Krasnoyarsk and its population exceeds that of the region five and a half times more. Besides the region includes the archipelago of Northern Land.
Its administrative centre is Dudinka which developed in the end of 1930s due to building of the Norilsk industrial district. Through the Northern Sea Route Dudinka is connected with Murmansk and Arkhangelsk all the year round, and during the navigation period along the Yenisey - with the largest part of Krasnoyarsk Territory and Krasnoyarsk. The highway and the unique northernmost electrified railway connect Dudinka with Norilsk and the airport Alykel. All the territory of the region lies within the Polar circle.
The region borders upon Yamalo-Nenetsky region, Yakutia, and Evenkia. The coast is washed by the Kara Sea and the Laptev Sea. There is the northernmost point of Russia - Cape Chelyuskin. Taimyr is the biggest region in Russia. Its area is about 900 thousand sq. km. that almost corresponds to that of Norway, Sweden and Portugal taken together.
The climate is very severe. The influence of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans is not felt here at all. Winters are long and cold, summers are short and cool. Strong gusty winds blow here, and clear days are few. Atmospheric temperature is low. Mid-annual temperature in Cape Chelyuskin is -14,1 degrees centigrade, in Dudinka -10,1 and in Khatanga -13,2 degrees.
There are a lot of rivers and lakes in Taimyr. Many of them are navigable. The rivers belong to the basin of the Yenisey, the Pyasina, the Taimyr and the Khatanga. All of them, as a rule, flow to the north and fall into the Arctic Ocean.
Large tributaries of the Yenisey are the Small and Big Kheta, the Yara, the Tanama, the Khantayka and the Dudinka. In tundra and forest-tundra there are lots of rivers and lakes.
For the time of foundation of autonomous region there were only three schools for 70 children in Taimyr. Nowadays there are 31 general educational establishments for 7700 pupils. The ancient peoples of Taimyr the Nganasans and the Dolgans now have their own national written language, abc-books, own national culture.
The public authorities and institutions of local governing take measures to preserve the national culture and language of the aboriginal peoples. In elementary schools of the region pupils learn native languages of the North. In 2000 the abc-book in the Nganasan language, reading books in the Nenets and Dolgan languages were issued.