Dnepropetrovsk, city (1990 est. pop. 1,186,000), capital of Dnepropetrovsk region, central Ukraine, on the Dnepr River. A hub of rail and water transportation, it is a major industrial centre with a huge iron and steel industry based on iron ore from the nearby Krivoi Rog mines and coal from the Donetsk Basin. The city also has plants producing heavy machinery, chemicals, rolling stock, and food products.
Founded in 1787 by Potemkin on the site of a Zaporozhian Cossack village, it was named Ekaterinoslav for Catherine II. It was called Novorossiysk from 1791 to 1802 and Ekaterynoslav until 1926, when it was renamed Dnepropetrovsk. The population greatly increased after the completion of the Dniprohes dam and power station in 1932. The city was occupied by German forces during World War II. It has art, historical, and zoological museums.