The biggest and most influential theatre in Russia, situated in Moscow.
The institution (the name means "Large") dates back to 1776, when Catherine II licensed a company to give all theatrical performances in Moscow; its scope soon expanded to include opera and dance as well as drama.
The original complex was built in 1825; it was rebuilt after a fire in 1853.
The performing companies have changed over time, but the institution and the rebuilt edifice have survived.
Bolshoi Theatre Official site