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Print version. Published on site Rusnet.NL 8 December 2003

Encyclopedia :: A :: Alexander I

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Alexander I, Emperor of all Russia (1801-1825)

Eldest son of Emperor Paul I, Alexander was born in St. Petersburg on December 12, 1777. From childhood, he was greatly influenced by Catherine the Great, who brought him up and considered him her successor.

He came to the throne after the murder of his father, Paul I, on March 12, 1801.

The young Emperor was extremely popular among all levels of society. The first half of his reign was marked by a liberal internal policy. His various reforms included a restructuring of the country and an attempt to codify Russian legislation. Later, however, he reversed many of these changes.

Alexander died on November 19, 1825, in Taganrog and was buried in the Cathedral of the St. Peter and St. Paul Fortress in St. Petersburg.

There is a story that he secretly abdicated and lived as a monk.